The News of Cretan Medicare

Injury of the head

Important Information for patients with an injury of the head

-Be careful!!!
-Stay out of the sun.
-Eat light food only.
-Do not drink any alcohol.
-Avoid strong light and watching TV.

If it concerns a child

When sleeping, wake up the child every 2 or 3 hours and make sure that its reactions are normal (No confused impression).
In case of sickness, severe headache or dizziness: always consult your doctor!


 

Health tips

Tips to make your holidays safer and more enjoyable

-Ensure that you drink plenty of liquid, i.e. water, juices and soft drinks and try to avoid consuming too much alcohol.
-Avoid extreme exertion during very hot days.
-Avoid long exposure in the sun without appropriate protection, i.e. wearing sunscreens, hat, sunglasses and umbrella.
-Do not swim until at least 3 hours have passed since your meal.
-If driving moped / motorbike do not forget to wear helmet!
-Why not behave as the locals, have rest between 13.00-16.00h! Relax and enjoy your holiday!!

 

Diabetes Mellitus

By Zaimi Alban, General Practitioner,

More than 700,000 Greeks have diabetes. Diabetes Mellitus or Sugar Diabetes is a chronic, metabolic illness with its main characteristic the increased blood sugar or hyperglycaemia. If hyperglycaemia exists for an extended period, it can cause serious alterations in the small vessels of the eyes, the neurons and the kidneys, as well as in the big vessels of the heart, the brain and the surrounding arteries. These chronic complications constitute the enormous problem of this illness.
The glucose is an energy substance that is taken from foods, and, via the blood, is channelled to all vital organs.

The hormone that is essential for the normal use of glucose is called insulin. The partial or total weakness of our organism to produce sufficient quantity of insulin, leads to the accumulation of glucose in the blood (hyperglycaemia). Because our organism cannot tolerate big quantities of sugar in the blood, when it exceeds the 180mg/dl, it is passed out through urine resulting in glucosuria. The expulsion of glucose through urine takes along large quantities of water (polyuria) causing the candidate diabetic to consume enormous quantities of liquids (polydipsia).

Also, the cells, because of partial or total lack of insulin, cannot take glucose from the blood, hence remaining without energy, creating a continuous feeling of hunger (excessive eating). In serious cases, despite this excessive eating, a serious weight loss occurs within a short time.

Consequently, the need to urinate far too often, the need to drink huge amounts of liquids, the excessive consumption of food, as well as a general feeling of weakness, are the characteristic symptoms of diabetes mellitus.
Juvenile insulin-dependent diabetes: It mainly concerns children and young people under 20 and it is due to the total inability of the organism to produce insulin. The precise cause of appearance of this type of diabetes is virtually unknown. This type of illness has a multitude of causes and usually appears quite suddenly. Its frequency amounts to five percent of the cases. Heredity is rare, about two to four percent. In Greece, we have about 500 new cases a year in contrast with northern Europe where the incidents are multiples.

Non-insulin-dependent diabetes of adults: It constitutes the 80-90 percent of cases and it is mostly accompanied by obesity, and mainly appears in overweight individuals, 40-60 years of age, or to women who during pregnancy showed signs of diabetes, or to women who gave birth to overweight babies. In the past few years it has begun to appear in overweight children between 12-16 years of age.
Every diabetic must systematically measure his blood sugar, depending on the type, duration, type of treatment, complications (if any), and difficulty in regulating it. In each person the blood sugar goes up and down about 8,500 times daily! 
Depending on work, diet and activity, at least in the beginning, the blood sugar should be measured at least four to six times a day, that is, before and two hours after the main meals. Afterwards, and with the doctor's advice, measuring the blood sugar can be adapted.

These days, diabetes is not considered an illness but a way of life that needs care and continuous updating. People with a burdened hereditary background must be very careful and observant while self control is very important.

Diet for Allergy

IN CASE OF ALLERGY REACTION AVOID THE FOLLOWING:

•    ALL FOODS CONTAINING ADDITIVES, ARTIFICIAL COLORING, IMPROVERS OF TASTE AND FRAGRANCES.
•    EGGS AND FOODS CONTAINING EGGS.
•    DAIRY PRODUCTS (PARTICULARLY YELLOW CHEESES).
•    NUTS (ALMONTS, WALNUTS, PEANUTS, ETC).
•    SPICY FOODS CONTAINING SPICES SUCH AS PEPPER, CHILLI, GARLIC, VINEGAR, PICKLES, KETCHUP, TZATZIKI ETC).
•    SEAFOOD (FISH, MOLLUSCS AND SHELLFISH SUCH AS CRAB, SHRIMPS, LOBSTER, SQUID, OCTAPUS, CUTTLEFISH ETC).
•    CHOCOLATE, ICE CREAM CHOCOLATE, COCOA AND CHOCOLATE DRINKS.
•    STRAWBERRIES.
•    ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.

Instructions to those who wear a cast

The limb must always be in an upright position
Keep moving your fingers or toes continuously
 
In case;
- the cast is too tight
- the energetic or passive movement of your fingers / toes is painful
- you feel numbness in your fingers / toes
- your fingers / toes turn white or blue
 
PLEASE ADDRESS YOUR DOCTOR

 

Diet for gastroenteritis

NO
MILK
MARGERINE / OIL / FAT / GREASY FOOD IN GENERAL
SPICY SAUCES &/OR HEAVY SEASONINGS
STRONG TASTES : NOT TOO SWEET, NOT TOO SOUR (ORANGE JUICE)
FRUITS / VEGETABLES-SALADS / JUICES
FRESH BREAD
SPARKLING DRINKS

YES
WHITE BREAD (ALSO TOASTED) / DRY TOAST / CRACKERS
WATER (NO SODA WATER)
CHAMOMILE OR TEA (WITHOUT MILK OR HONEY)
BOILED OR GRILLED CHICKEN – NO OIL (WITHOUT SKIN)
BOILED OR GRILLED FISH (NO OIL)
SOUP WITH RICE OR PASTA (NO OIL)
BOILED POTATOES / CARROTS
BANANA / APPLE
COCA COLA (WITHOUT GAS)
 

Instructions for children in case of vomiting

AFTER THE VOMIT, AVOID ANY SOLID OR LIQUID INTAKE, EVEN WATER, FOR THE NEXT TWO HOURS.

ON THE THIRD HOUR, START GIVING SMALL AMOUNTS OF WATER (ONE TEASPOON) EVERY TEN MINUTES.

IF NO VOMIT OCCURS, THEN SLIGHTLY INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF WATER, EVERY TEN MINUTES FOR THE NEXT HOURS.

IF VOMIT OCCURS, THEN STOP AND START THE SAME PROCEDURE, AFTER TWO HOURS, AS DESCRIBED ABOVE.

IF AFTER 4-5 HOURS, THE CHILD ACCEPTS WATER WELL AND WITHOUT VOMITING, WE CAN GIVE SOME BREAD (DAY-OLD) AT FIRST AND THEN SOME MORE BREAD AFTER 30 MINUTES. IF THE CHILD IS HUNGRY, GRADUALLY GIVE SMALL AMOUNT OF FOOD FROM THE GIVEN GASTROENTERITIS DIET, AND GRADUALLY INCREASE THE QUANTITY AND FREQUENCY OF FEEDING.